History and useful information
Like Pompeii, Herculaneum was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in August 79 AD. In the first century Herculaneum was a town of 5000 inhabitants, smaller and not as commercially important as Pompeii. Whereas Pompeii was covered by ash, Herculaneum was covered by a lava and mud flow which formed a 60 ft-deep layer over the town. The mud has preserved wooden parts of buildings, and the visitor has a good idea of daily life in that period. Herculaneum, being much smaller than Pompeii, can be visited easily in about 2 hours. The visit can be combined with Vesuvius, Pompeii or Naples.
Herculaneum in the following excursions
Visit Herculaneum with Guide Centre Guides
Herculaneum was destroyed along with Pompeii in 79 AD, and was rediscovered in 1709. It was a residential town without Pompeii's commercial importance, and wealthy Romans lived here. Herculaneum was buried by a torrent of lava that hardened into a soft tufa (a kind of coarse rock) that preserved many of the wooden parts of houses and household objects, which can be seen today. A large portion of old Herculaneum is still buried under the modern town, and further excavations are not foreseen at the moment.
Visit Pompeii and Herculaneum with Guide Centre Guides
Full day guided excursion by coach, to the famous archaeological sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Pompeii holds an intense fascination for visitors today. Following the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in the year 79 AD, Pompeii lay buried and forgotten for hundreds of years. We visit the site with its frescoed homes, bath houses and public buildings. Herculaneum, like Pompeii, was destroyed by the eruption of 79 AD. There are beautiful villas which were owned by rich Romans, and the village was residential and not as commercially important as Pompeii. When the catastrophe of 79 AD occurred, Herculaneum was buried by a torrent of mud that hardened into a soft tufa (a kind of coarse rock) that preserved many of the wooden parts of houses and household objects which can be seen today. A large portion of old Herculaneum is still buried, and certainly many art treasures are still to be found as excavations are ongoing. Return to Sorrento in the afternoon.